Ghazni is one of the most important central provinces of Afghanistan and also is one of the most insecure provinces in the central region of the country. Classified as a second-degree province, it is known for its rich history and historical monuments. Ghazni city is located 129 kilometers away from Kabul on the Kabul-Kandahar highway. It is bordered by Maidan Wardak and Bamyan to the north, Paktia, Paktika, and Logar to the east, Zabul to the south, and Uruzgan and Zabul to the west.
Active Militant Group (s): The Taliban, Islamic State- Khurasan, Haqqani Network
Official Governor: Wahidullah Kalimzai
Taliban Shadow Governor: Mullah Bismullah Akhund
Government Controlled Districts:
Taliban Controlled District: Gero, Waghez, Andar, Ajristan, Khogyani, Zankhan, and Nawa
Area: 32,797-kilometer squares
Ethnicity: Pashtuns, Tajik, Hazaras, Bayat, Sadat, and Sikhs.
Languages: Pashto and Dari
Major Security Incident(s): The fall of Ghazni city to the Taliban during the battle of Ghazni which was part of a larger coordinated offensive by the Taliban on the 10th of August, 2018. Following the U.S-Taliban agreement, on May 18, a Taliban car-bomb targeted an intelligence base in Ghazni city killing nine people.
Factors contributing to violence: Ghazni is a gateway to Kabul, Kandahar, and Loya Paktia, the strategic central location of Ghazni makes the provinces important to the Taliban. Local grievances, bad governance, poverty, joblessness, and the absence of the rule of law are the major factors contributing to the violence in Ghazni province.