ACLED-APW Report Tracking Disorder During Taliban Rule in Afghanistan

Helmand Province

Province: Helmand 


Location: Southwest 


Helmand province is located in the Southwest of the country. It is the largest province by area. Helmand is bordered by Kandahar to the east, Uruzgan, Daikundi, and Ghor to the north, Farah and Nimroz to the west also to the south it shares 162 Kilometers of the border with neighboring Pakistan. It is surrounded by mountains to the north and deserts to the south. Besides its climate is mild in winter and hot in summer. Its capital is Lashkargah. Helmand has fourteen administrative units including the capital Lashkargah, as well as. Nadali, Marja, Gramsair, Khanshin, Desho, Nawa Grashk, Sangin, Kajaki, Musakala, Baghran, Nawzad, and washir districts. The Kabul-Herat highway passes through Helmand province and a domestic airport is also located in Lashkargah district. 


Population: 1,500,000


Area: 61,829-kilometer squares 


Ethnicity: Pashtuns, Tajiks 


Languages: Pashto and Dari 


Opposition Armed Group(s): The Taliban, ISIS, and Lashkar-E-Taiba.


 Districts Under Control of the Government: Lashkargah city, Nawa district, and a few district centers


Districts Under Control of the Taliban:  Most of Helmand’s territory is under control of the Taliban including northern districts, Nadali, Marje, Garmser, Khansheen, Deesho, Sangin, Kajaki, Musa Kala, Baghran, Nawzad, and Washer


Contested Districts: 


Government’s Appointed Governor for the Province: 


Taliban’s Distinct Governor for the Province: 


Major Security Incident(s):



  • The fall of important districts of Helmand including a major fraction of Lashkargah city


Documented Incidents Since RiV: 



  • No specific changes.


Causes of the War: 



  • Drug Trafficking and clashes between the Taliban and the government.