ACLED-APW Report Tracking Disorder During Taliban Rule in Afghanistan

Khost Province

Province: Khost 

Location: Southeast 

Khost is one of the 34 provinces of Afghanistan, located in the southeast of the country, with a latitude of 69 degrees 39 minutes and 58 seconds and a latitude of 33 degrees 5 minutes and 24 seconds. It is bounded to the north and west by Paktia province, to the south by Paktika province and by Pashtun tribes, Sayedgi and Wazir tribes across the Durand Line, to the east by North Waziristan and Korma Agency. According to the Farhang Amid Send, Khost means island or land in the middle of the river. According to folklore, in ancient times the water that came out of the mountains of Zadran, Mangalo, and Tanis was flowing in Khost and there was no way out. Khost used to be a large district of Paktia province and current districts used to be at the level of villages, which was upgraded to the provincial level during the reign of Dr. Najibullah. Currently, it has there are three administrative units, Shamal, Matun, and Including Laknaw. It has 12 districts namely Spere, Do Manda, Nadir Shah Kot, Ismail Khel and Mandozai, Tanai, Garboz, Alisher, Sabri, Bak, Zazi Maidan, Musa Khel, and Qalandar. Khost is inhabited by 15 major and minor tribes, including Mangal, Zadran, Tanai, Sabri, Garbiz, Matun, Lakan, Alisher, Terezi, Babakarkhel, Ghalji, Ismail Khel, Mandoze and Zazi



Ethnicity: Pashtuns

Languages: Pashto and Dari 

Armed Opposition Group(s): The Haqqani network is very active in Khost province, it organizes and continues its terrorist activities alongside the Taliban.

Districts Under Control of the Government:  

Districts Under Control of the Taliban: 

Contested Districts: 

Government’s Appointed Governor for the Province: 

Taliban’s Distinct Governor for the Province: 

Major Security Incident(s):

Documented Incidents Since RiV: After the peace agreement, commander of Khost’s Police District got killed by Taliban militants killed along with two others in a mine blast.

Causes of the War: 

  • Khost is a relatively peaceful province in the south-east, with little reports of insecurity. In Khost province, the government is strong based on tribal structures, however, in some districts, the Taliban have been attacking and fleeing the area.