Paktika province is located in the southeast of Afghanistan, it shares borders with Ghazni in the north and northwest, while it touches Zabul and Baluchistan province of Pakistan and it shares a long border with the North and South Waziristan to the south and southeast. Paktika is situated at a distance of 210-kilometers from the capital Kabul. It shares 360-kilometers long border with neighboring Pakistan. Geographically, the province is located 31.59 to 33. 42 latitudes and 67.81 to 69.54 longitudes.
Active Militant Group (s): The Taliban, Al-Qaeda, Lashkar-e-Taiba.
Official Governor: Mujiburrahman Samkanai
Taliban Shadow Governor: Mullah Nasar
Government Controlled Districts:
Taliban Controlled District:
Contested Districts: Nika, Gayan, Gomal, Khushamand, Omna.
Area: 36,360 -kilometer squares
Ethnicity: Pashtuns, Tajik.
Languages: Pashto and Dari
Major Security Incident(s):
Factors contributing to violence: Due to its strategic location, Paktika province is a hotbed of war, with no narcotics cultivation, no ethnic bias, and the only reason the fighting is so intense is that militants are easily able to expand their operations into the central provinces.