ACLED-APW Report Tracking Disorder During Taliban Rule in Afghanistan

Province: Sar-E-Pul

Location: North 

Sar-e-Pul province is 630 meters above sea level and 603 kilometers away from Kabul. It is one of the mountainous provinces, with 75% of its territory being mountainous.

The province shares a border with the  Jawzjan in the north, with Balkh in the east, with Ghor and Bamyan in the south, with Faryab in the west, and with Samangan in the southeast.

Population: 400,000 

Area: 16,385 kilometer-squares

Ethnicity: Pashtuns, Hazaraz, Uzbeks, Tajiks, Baloochs, Turkmens, Aymaqs, etc.

Languages: Pashto and Dari 

Armed Opposition Group(s): The Taliban, ISIS Al-Qaeda, and Lashkar-e-Taiba.

Districts Under Control of the Government: 40% of the districts.

Districts Under Control of the Taliban: 60% of the districts including Kohistanat districts

Contested Districts: 

Government’s Appointed Governor for the Province: 

Taliban’s Distinct Governor for the Province: 

Major Security Incident(s):

- The fall of Kuhistanat district to the Taliban (Kuhestanat district has been under the control of the Taliban for 5 years and the Taliban has built a military base there) in 2015

- The fall of Mirza Oleng village of Sayad district to the Taliban (Taliban took control of Mirza Oleng village in Sayad district as a result of their attacks and all the residents of this village were displaced and a number of residents of this village were killed), the year 1396.

- Attacks on the city of Sar-e-Pul, the capital of Sar-e-Pul province (the Taliban have attacked the city of Sar-e-Pul several times in the last two years, some of which even raised concerns about the fall of Sar-e-Pul city), 1397.

Documented Incidents Since RiV: 

- Surender and joining of 31 Talib to the peace process and violence (June 8, 1399)

- Execution of ambushes by the high Taliban (governor, police chief, and head of national security) from which local officials survived. (11 May 1399)

- Taliban movements in the districts (Suzmah Qala and Sancharak) (3 May 1399).

Causes of the War:

  • Mountainous and Strategic location
  • Existence of oil and gas resources