ACLED-APW Report Tracking Disorder During Taliban Rule in Afghanistan

Province: Kunduz

Location: North East 

Kunduz is the capital of the northeastern provinces of the country, which is located in the south of the Amu River and bordered by Takhar province on the east, Baghlan province on the south, Samangan province on the west. It shares a common border through Shir Khan commercial port with Tajikistan and its 337 kilometers from Kabul.

Population: 1.5 Million 

Area:  7,668.7-kilometer squares

Ethnicity: Pashtuns, Tajiks, Uzbeks, Hazaras, Aymaqs, Balooch, Turkmen, and the Nomads. 

Languages: Pashto and Dari 

Armed Opposition Group(s): The Taliban and spies of (Tajikistan, Uzbekistan, and Pakistan)

Districts Under Control of the Government: Kunduz city and district centers

Districts Under Control of the Taliban: Villages and remote areas of districts

Contested Districts: 

Government’s Appointed District Governor for the Province: Hayatullah Amiri (Khan Abad)

Taliban’s Distinct Governor for the Province:Sheragha known as Abed Brother

Major Security Incident(s):

- The fall of Kunduz province (the Taliban have twice taken control of Kunduz city in offensive attacks that resulted in heavy casualties on both sides and civilians) in the years (2015 and 2016)

- The fall of Dasht-e-Archi district (Dasht-e-Archi district of Kunduz province fell to the Taliban several times, last time in 1398).

- Taliban attack to seize Kunduz city and assassination of Sayed Sarwar Hussaini the spokesperson of Kunduz Police Headquarters together with soldiers and security forces (the year 1398)

Documented Incidents Since RiV: 

  • Attack on Dasht Archi, and Imam Saheb districts.

Causes of the War:

  • Existence of Sher Khan commercial port

  • Geographically strategic location, existence commercial port, the existence of high-way, collection of hoshor and zakah,