ACLED-APW Report Tracking Disorder During Taliban Rule in Afghanistan

Province: Baghlan

Location: Northeast 

Baghlan is located about 230 km away from Kabul alongside the Kabul-Mazar-e-Sharif highway, which connects eight northern provinces with the capital of Afghanistan (Kabul). Baghlan shares borders with (Panjsher, Takhar, Kunduz) to the northeast, (Samangan and Bamyan) to the west, and (Parwan) to the south.

Population: Around 1 Million

Area: 1,725.2 kilometer-squares

Ethnicity: Tajiks, Pashtuns, Hazaras, Uzbeks, Gojr, Qazaq, Moghol, Pashayi

Languages: Pashto and Dari

Armed Opposition Group(s): The Taliban, ISIS, Jendullah, Irresponsible Armed Individuals

Districts Under Control of the Government: 50%

Districts Under Control of the Taliban: 50%. Central Baghlan, Nahreen, Borka, Dehna Ghoori, and some areas of Polekhomri faces high security-threats

Contested Districts: 

Government’s Appointed Governor for the Province: 

Taliban’s Distinct Governor for the Province: 

Major Security Incident(s):The collapse of Dehna Ghoori and Tala Wa Barafak districts, major attacks of the Taliban in Baghlan-Kunduz and Baghlan-Samangan high-ways, and major attacks on Polekhomri city.

Documented Incidents Since RiV:

Qari Khalid, a key Taliban member responsible for leading 50 Taliban insurgents in Baghlan province, being arrested. (May 6, 1399)

- A 15-member Taliban group in the Taleh and Barfak district of Baghlan province, under the command of Mohammad Zaman, withdrew from the war and joined the peace process (May 21, 1399).

Causes of the War:

  • Existence of Baghlan-Kunduz and Baghlan-Mazar-e-Sharif highways

  • Mountainous and strategic location, having shared-borders, being commercial and industrial.